What to visit in Khotan?
Hetian Museum is an excellent place to get a general overview of the region and its history & culture.
It is quite exciting when I entered the Taklamakan Desert; this mysterious desert has a unique charm that attracts my infinite imagination. Taklamakan Desert is the largest desert in China, the tenth-largest desert in the world, and the second-largest mobile desert in the world.
Carpet Factory is the best place where you can see the whole carpet manufacturing process; the colors and patterns of the carpet are exquisite.
Khotan Arts & Crafts:
Khotan is also known as the "Hometown of Carpets." As early as during the Tang Dynasty, shops were dealing in Khotan felts and carpet in Chang'an. During the Qing Dynasty, local officials from Khotan included carpets in the list of tributes to the imperial court. Khotan carpets have eye-catching colors, elegant tones, delicate patterns, exuding unique Uyghur artistic styles, and oriental charm and have great practice value.
The most famous specialties in Khotan is jade. As early as during the Neolithic Period, natives found gem-quality jade in the Kunlun Mountains and made it a media for communication between central and western China, as well as for East-West cultural and economic exchange. Transport passage for jade from Khotan emerged as the oldest "Jade Road," some 1000 years earlier than the Silk Road. It can be said that the Jade Road was the predecessor of Silk Road. During the Western Han Dynasty, Zhang Qian, who traveled to Western Region countries and opened the Silk Road, was guided bu Jade Road in the first place. Since then, the Jade Road became all the more smooth. Central Plain merchants shipped to Western Region a large amount of silk and medicinal herbs and brought back jade and local products from the Western Regions on their return. The imperial court built in Gansu Yumenguan Pass (Jade Gate), implying that the jade is entering the country as of this pass.
Weather & Climate of Khotan:
How to Get to Khotan
Go to Khotan by Air:
Khotan Railway Station is situated 11.8 km away from Khotan City. It is a railway station under the jurisdiction of China Railway Urumqi Bureau Group Co., Ltd., and it is also the terminal station of the Kashgar - Khotan Railway.
Drive to Khotan:
1.Self-driving is available for tourists who would like to travel through the Taklamakan Desert; the National Highway 315 runs along the Tarim Basin and through Taklamakan Desert Highway, which runs north to Aksu.
2.Driving from Kashgar to Khotan is 500 kilometers (about 5 hrs and 45 mins ).
Driving from Urumqi to Khotan is 1400 kilometers (about 17 hrs and 10 mins ).