Buddhism was introduced into China from India around the first century AD, growing increasingly popular to become the most influential religion in China after the fourth century. Tibetan Buddhism, as a branch of Chinese Buddhism, is popular primarily in Tibet and Inner Mongolia. Now China has more than 13,000 Buddhist temples.
It is probable that Islam first reached China around the mid-seventh century. The Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368) wit
Catholic influence reached China in the seventh century, and Protestantism was introduced into China in the early 19th century. Now there are more than 4,600 Catholic and over 12,000 Protestant churches, as well as over 30,000 other types of Christian places of worship in China.
Taoism is based on the philosophy of Lao Zi (traditionally said to be born in 604 BC) and his work, the Dao De Jing (Classic of the Way and Virtue). It probably took shape as a religion during the second century, and China now has more than 1,500 Taoist temples.
Due to the factors mentioned above, rites and customs have become an important part of Islam and gained obvious characteristics, which are mainly as follows:
A. Elements of Buddhism and Daoism as well as the Han culture were absorbed into Muslim rites and customs, which were particularly obvious on some festivals and wedding ceremonies;
B. There is a sense of patriarchal clan system in rites and customs
Irkeshtam port, formerly called “Simuhana port” is located in east longitude 73 ° 58 ‘, latitude 39 ° 42′, is one of the most western port. 230 km from Kashi City, from the Kyrgyz city of Osh, about 260 km, the history of the Silk Road is an important channel, according to China, Kyrgyzstan and the two governments on Sept. 6, 1996, signed the agreement, the ports for international ports, allowing the Chinese people Republic and the Kyrgyz Republic, citizens of third countries, goods, transport through the port of entry, a class of permanent land the state highway crossings. July 1, 2001 through a national inspection of the port, May 20, 2002 officially open to traffic.
Irkeshtam port on July 21, 1997 since the temporary opening, ports running well. In 2008, the volume of 10,000 tons over the value of 100 million U.S. dollars. Of which: exports of goods tons, the value of 100 million U.S. dollars, mainly exports textiles, plastic products, light industrial machinery, agricultural products, ceramics, etc.; million tons of imported goods, the value of 10,000 U.S. dollars, major imports are animal products, scrap metal.
planning area 12.5 square kilometers, with built area of 4.58 square kilometers, land for construction on schedule to control the size of 4.17 square kilometers in less than long-term control in less than six square kilometers. The nature of the city from the past to cross-border trade mainly revised to commerce, shopping, tourism, product processing and cargo transit-oriented land in the coastal border city, set the trade, processing, storage, tourism, municipal as a whole is facing in Xinjiang Central Asia and Europe and opening up foreign trade zones and Yili state of reform and opening up the demonstration zone and the experimental area.
Overall layout of urban areas by the five components: the central area of ports, border each other urban areas, cargo transit reserve area, product processing industrial zone, residential area. Earmarked for urban transportation, urban greening and other nature of urban land use.
Karasu Port is located in the West Kunlun Mountains and sarikol ridge terrace flat area between the Piedmont, is located in New Taxkorgan Tajik Autonomous County northwestern Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, 4368.6 meters above sea level, the address width of the border from Tajikistan to buy Yamaguchi 13.875 km Le . Karasu from Kashi City, 219 km, 62 km away from Taxkorgan County, from the Tajikistan border city murghab 89.7 kilometers from the Tajik capital Dushanbe, about 850 km. We karasu monitoring channel was completed by the end of 1997 the laying of gravel road and two bridges, then Tajikistan tarmac roads, embankment stability, better road conditions.
Karasu Port a class of land according to the state (highway) port planning, examination and inspection unit set up infrastructure under construction, covers an area of 5.4-8 square meters. Karasu port opened, port cargo throughput up to 40,000 tons, the 3 million annual passengers; 5 years up to 8-10 million tons over the volume, the passenger traffic for more than 5 million next year. 2008 million tons of import and export goods, the value of 100 million U.S. dollars.
Kashi Airport Port
The second largest airport in Xinjiang Kashgar airport, built in 1953. Opened in 1954 in Urumqi – Kuqa – Aksu – Kashgar route. Airport has been from 1974 to 1986 of a second phase of renovation and expansion projects as well as night lighting system in 1986, building, especially from 1997 to 1999 of the fly zone to expansion, the airport construction are maturing, to the modern Air Hong Kong requirements. For the existing runway length of 3,200 meters, 45 meters wide, the apron area of 60,000 square meters, allowing movements A, B, C, D Class models, up to the national standard of 4E-class airport.
Kashi Airport in recent years, passenger and cargo throughput increased year by year. 2003 216 900 passenger trips, an increase of 31.69 percent, up 3.6 times 1902 tons cargo, setting a historical record airport, airport traffic in the same top.
April 23, 1993 by the State Council approved the Kashgar airport open ports. Area of 3100 square meters of the International Joint Inspection Building was completed in August 2001 and in June 5, 2002 opening, has been opened Kashgar – Islamabad, Pakistan route; will open Kashi – India; Kashi – Kyrgyzstan and other international route.
Kashi Xinyifa second class port profile
Kashi Xinyifa second class port issued by the Hong Kong group to construct the new Villa is located in the middle of Century Boulevard, Kashi City, 1 km from Kashi railway station, near Kashgar airport, transport facilities, location, is an important commercial corridor in Kashi and economic centers . Kashi Xinyifa second class of 400 acres of land for port planning, including a project covers an area of 194 mu, building area of 169,660 square meters, total investment of 250 million. On September 29, 2002 the official opening, more than a year since the operation has been gradually revealed in the pull logistics advantages and attractiveness of the realization of more than 30,000 tons of goods through customs.
Kashi Xinyifa second class port, including customs surveillance zone, joint terminal, convention center, five specialized wholesale markets, storage areas and other functional areas. Port within the customs control area of 18,000 square meters, large modern warehouse of 6000 square meters closed. Area high scientific and technological means, with first-class facilities and advanced warehouse management and customs clearance inspection network management system, internal peripherals, CCTV systems, networked together with the customs data, the implementation of population management card. Exit Inspection and Quarantine Kashi, Kashi Customs, Foreign Office of Transportation Management, Inventory Control Point in the port commission joint terminal in the joint field office, the goods can be handled in this one-time inspection, customs clearance, customs clearance and exit procedures, reduce costs, improve customs clearance.
Kashi Xinyifa second class port will rely on the domestic market, to play the role of border trade zone, and gradually expanding foreign trade, Chongfen use the rich resources of neighboring countries, in multilateral, deep cooperation promotion of investment and structural adjustment, open the internal and external channels, and implementing “bring about a sustainable, eastern and west,” the trade strategy, gradually Kashgar into a “central city in western South and the international business center,” Kashi region’s economic and promote healthy and rapid development.