Kizil Thousand Budda Caves
Kizil Grottoes arts were the birth place for Qiuci Grottoes arts, which consists of construction arts, sculpture arts and fresco arts, which have extremely important position in the Buddhist arts of Central Asian and the east. Although many sculptures were damaged, we still can see the very fine techniques of Qiuci grottoes arts. These are wooden sculpture, rock sculpture and relief sculpture and colored sculpture with figures of Buddha, bodhisattva, heavenly king, warrior and donators. The area of frescoes here is about ten thousand square meters. The contents of the frescoes are that of Buddha, stories of the Buddhism, animal, landscape flower and plants. It is not sure when the caves were opened but the earliest may be opened in the forth century and mid-period were opened from the fifth to sixth centuries and the later period caves were opened from the seventh to eighth centuries. Kizil Grottoes are the earliest and largest Buddhist caves in China and they reflect the conditions of Buddhism I Qiuci times. In 1961, the grottoes were authorized as a major cultural relic site under stateprotection.