Dongguan Grand Mosque
During the first period of the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368), Gtup Lanban A’bud Rahman, a descendent of Mohammed, the Prophet, arrived in Qinghai to preach. When he died in Xining, Solomon, the king of Xining ordered the construction of a tomb for him on Phoenix Hill outside the city and the erection of the gravestone in his memory. The Tomb has been kept in good condition throughout the last 700 years by collecting great respect from the Moslems in Qinghai province.
Although Moslems in Qinghai speak Chinese, they have kept many Arabic and Persian words in their vocabulary. They generally use the Chinese script, but the language of Salars in Qinghai belongs to the Turkic group of the Altaic language family. To learn Arabic is regarded as a point of pride for many of the Huis and Salars. Moslems in Qinghai are all sincere believers of Islam and stick to the “Five Pillars” of wisdom. More than 1,000 mosques are scattered across the province, the oldest and most magnificent one being the Dongguan Grand Mosque in Xining.
The front gate of the mosque is impressive and is bordered by two graceful minarets. Behind the gate is an open courtyard. Gray brick walls and a green roof with upturned eaves can be found in the main building (the Hall) with traditional Chinese palace style. The two secondary buildings stand harmoniously and symmetrically on the north and south. This mosque is one of the most famous of its kind in northwest of China, including the main Hall, side buildings and the front of the main Hall.