Mengda Heavenly Lake
As a unique autonomous county mostly settled by the Sala minority group in China, Xunhua has a population of 120, 000 including Tibetan, Hui and other ethic groups. The Sala nationality itself makes up 62 percent of the whole county's population. Due to the gentle climate and the sufficient sunshine, Xunhua abounds with fruits, chili, Chinese prickly trees and waters recognized as Jiangnan in Qinghai(literally, Jiangnan means the large humid area separated southward from the Yangtze River). The characteristic natural site ethnic culture and the affluent tourism resources provide onginal features for the future development.
Mengda includes a forest region area of 140,000 Chinese acres with fluctuating hills, particular topography, from 1780 to 4180 meters above the sea level. As a consequence of different monsoons influence, there is abundant rain fall, a moist eliminate and fragrant grass. The luxuriant forest is a rare plateau green treasure house worthy of the reputation"natural botanical garden". According to the scientific statistics, more than 250 kinds of ants are found in the Mengda forest region. Many plants from the subtropics, the warm temperate zone, the cold temperate zone and the subfrigid zone, can be found here, such as the subtropics Taiwan Chinese juniper, the warm temperate zone undertaking spice bush. the Qinghai-Tibet Plain firewood fruit spruce and the big fruit cloud cypress, and so on. The natural preserve region also has precious raw material for medicine, as many as 120 types; each kind of medicinal plant has many unexpected varieties. The shiny-leaved yellow horn, red auspicious wood, wool hazel, as well as many outstanding lumbers, and various fiber plants are everywhere. 100 kinds of wild decorative plants and flowers can be classified, such as spiraea, lilac, red cuckoo, big leaf hydrangea, hypericum, wild rose, and so on. There are also many rare and precious animals, including pere-david's deer and blue sheep, as well as tiger, bear, and so on. Each species of bird includes 30 sub-species people call this area "Qinghai's Xishuangbanna.
The Mengda forest region has not only luxuriant plant life and unusual animals, but also natural beautiful scenery. Here we find lofty strange stones, dangerous peak cliffs. The natural river feeding a and strange flowers and grass pervading the mountain valley The frog stone, "a day", " the napped outlier, the echo cliff, five waterfall, sub-worships Buddha stone"and other sorts of wonderful stones are unique and unusual, rising vividly. Particularly charming is Heaven Pond located in the belly of the mountainous area, Just like a crystal like a splendid attractive pearl in appearance. Fog regularly encircles the periphery like Western Paradise. More than 400 square km of this area is mountains lakes, with a water depth of 30 meters, limpid clearness like a mirror, the lake and mountain scenery balancing each other as one The light vessel movement, the water sound, and the leaping camp all give the infinite pleasure to the senses. Everyone who comes here tom mountaineering, will feel completely relaxed and forget to return home "Mengda Heavenly Pond"is a winning place of the Mengda forest region.
The State Couneil has already set aside Mengda forest region as a nature protection area. The local government has constructed the roads built the guesthouse and the sanatorium, and the plan is to develop a tourist site in order to attract more Chinese and foreign tourist to view Mengda's beautiful scenery. The Mengda forest region is located at
the Bayan 'branch on the northeast edge of Xining: geographically, it belongs to Wutai Mountain area. As a consequence of its unique topography, its meeting the summer southeast monsoon makes it possible to hold the massive water vapor in the air current, so that a forms the nimbus cloud in the forest land sky, causing more abundant rain water to fall on the forest region. The mountain canyon and the Heavenly Pond make the forest region preserve a temperate climate by forming a basin the air is moist, and the soil is rich. As the ideal As the ideal ecological environment for plants' survival, plant reproduction is given very advantageous climate. The forest region has 89 kinds of seed plants, 530 kinds of other plants, as well as 10 kinds of ferns seed Some kinds of plants can not be found in other provinces, such as warm needle pine. the Chinese pinups Montana, the hard Liao Dony oak tree and Prasarn fir tree, as well as the spice bush and Huajie bamboo. which the panda prefers to eat. The Mengda forest region has 300 kinds of the medicinal plant, among which only 81 kinds are written down in the national pharmacopoeia.