The Introduction of Xi'an
Xi'an, the capital of northwest China's Shaanxi Province, is an ancient city with plenty of history. The city presents the unique amalgamation of stunningly ancient and modern architectures, allowing tourists from all over the world to dive into the richness and distinctiveness of its cultural heritage.
Visiting the city is like reading a history book, here we have covered some of the must-see attractions in Xi'an
Undoubtedly, the famous Terrecotta Warriors is one of the crucial highlight of Xi'an, a collection of more than 7,000 life-sized terracotta sculptures serving as a protection for the tomb of Qin Shi Huang (the first emperor who unified the country).
As the local said: a journey to Xi'an is not complete without visiting the Ancient City Wall, which has been stretched round to guard the inner city since the 13th century. Even nowadays, the massive, ancient City Wall is still strong and solid. It is the best preserved city wall in China, and also one of the oldest intact military fortifications in the world.
Big Wild Goose Pagoda - A holy place for Buddhists was erected in 652 during the Tang Dynasty (618-907). It was originally used to store Buddhist scriptures and relics that Buddhist monk Tang Xuanzang brought back from the Silk Road and India.
Lying at the foot of the Mt. Lishan, Huaqing Hot Spring has earned a good reputation from its past as it was once enjoyed by Chinese ancient emperors, empresses, and concubines for thousands of years.
Listed as one of the Five Great Mountains in China, Mount Hua is known for its steep and perilous peaks, with the highest towering at over 2,000 meters above sea level.
Xi'an offers a dizzying array of local flavors and snacks, foodies can smell the ever-present aroma of roasted meat, noodles and bread through the Muslim Quarter, which bustles with hordes of locals and tourists.
The drama of the original Xi'an culture, Qinqiang ( Shaanxi Opera ) is the oldest and most extensive Chinese Opera of the four major types of Chinese opera. The dialect of Xi’an is Shaanxi Hua, which is being assimilated by Standard Mandarin, but still retains much grammar and pronunciation from the Classical Chinese.
What to Taste in Xi'an?
Don't miss out a diversity of local snacks at this a vibrant area; one iconic dish worth trying is Yangroupaomo, a nourishing meal made from crumbled unleavened bread soaked in a mutton stew. Also, Roujiamo, a kind of Chinese teamed hamburger stuffed with juicy meat (often lamb or beef) is widely consumed at food stalls on streets. Other delicious treats you can easily find at the corner of the city include Liangpi (cold noodles), Pomegranate Juices and Sour Soup Dumplings.
Xi'an has a temperate climate that is affected by the East Asian monsoon, situated on the borderline between a semi-arid climate. The Wei River valley is characterised by hot, humid summers, cold, dry winters, and dry springs and autumns. Most of the annual precipitation is delivered from July to late October. Snow occasionally falls in winter but rarely settles for long. Dust storms often occur during March and April as the city rapidly warms up. Summer months also experience frequent but short thunderstorms. From March to October is the best time to travel to Xi'an. Among them, Xi'an is famed for its annual festivals; one of the livelier ones is the Silk Road International Tourism Festival. Every September people gather in downtown Xi'an for this event. Fireworks, folk music and dance performances, talent shows, cultural exhibitions are all part of the itinerary.
Annual Temperature of the Year/℃ ( High-Low )
Geographical & Environment of Xi'an:
Xi'an is nested between a flood plain created by 8 surrounding rivers and streams, most of which have been too polluted to be used as sources of fresh water. The city borders the northern foot of the Qinling Mountain Ranges to the south, and the banks of Wei River to the north.The city covers approximately 16,808 km of urban area.
Population of Xi'an:
The population of Xi'an is around 7.5 million, and about 4 million people live in the city area.
Xi'an was one of the Four Great Ancient Capitals of China because it has been the capital of 13 dynasties, to name a few, Zhou, Qin, Han and Tang. Xian was the start point of the Silk Road. The city has more than 3,100 years of history. It was called Chang'an, meaning "Forever Peace" in those old days.
How to Get to Xi’an?
There are three ways to get to Xi'an: Flight, Train, and Car.
Go to Xi'an By Air:
Xi'an Xianyang International Airport is the largest airport in Northwest China. There are daily flights to HongKong, Beijing, Shanghai Guangzhou, Urumqi and some international flights.
Go to Xi'an By Train:
Xi'an North Railway Station is the central hub station of Xuzhou-Lanzhou passenger dedicated line, Xi'an-Chengdu passenger dedicated line, Datong-Xi'an passenger dedicated line, Xi'an-Yinchuan passenger dedicated line and Guanzhong inter-city railway network, where most high-speed rail and intercity trains stop. Xi'an Metro Line 2 and line 4 have stations here.
Drive to Xi'an:
As a tourist city, Xi'an has built expressways to Lintong, Tongchuan and Baoji, with well-maintained roads to famous scenic spots in suburban counties and the north slope of the Qin Mountains. Since its construction in September 2007, the G5 Beijing–Kunming Expressway connects Hanzhong and Xi'an through the Qinling.