Karez Well System
Introduction of Karez Heritage Park:
Karez Heritage Park is located in the east of Turpan City. It is a well-known scenic spot with the theme of Karez Well Culture. Here, tourists can see the prototypes and museums of Karez, as well as taste Uighur delicacies, which is a good place for tourism in Turpan.
What to visit?
The main building in the scenic area is the Karez Museum, which can be seen as soon as you enter the scenic area, and it is a good place to systematically understand the culture of Karez Well.
One of the most interesting stops on the tour is a Karez Irrigation Site. It's the site the locals are most proud of, and rightfully so the irrigation method is probably their greatest contribution to desert dwellers and has been employed as far away as Afghanistan and Iran.
More than 2,000 years ago, Karez Well was developed as a way to bring the snow-melt water of Tianshan Mountain to the city through a series of wells dug into underground water channels. By transporting the water underground, they were able to prevent evaporation and to keep dust and dirt out of their water supply. The Karez Irrigation Site is like a museum explaining how the wells are built and maintained and even includes a sample channel and well that you can explore.
The structure of Karez Well:
The structure of Karez Well is mainly composed of four parts: shaft, underground channel, surface channel and "small reservoir". Meanwhile, a lot of snow and rainwater flow into the valley and Gobi Desert in spring and summer. Therefore, people use the topography to introduce water into underground to irrigated farmland, and that is quite stupendous.
Other Travel Information:
Let's continue to visit, you will see the prototype of Karez Well on the northern side of museum, the prototype is divided into culvert and open canals. Visitors can enter the underground passageway and watch the working principle of Karez.
Beside to experience the Karez culture, tourists can see some traditional folk customs and buildings, such as the Raisin Drying Houses, The Home of Anarhan and Nan pit to name just a few, which is quite worth to visit.
When is the best time to visit?
Every March to September are the best time to travel to Turpan, among them, from June to July is the hottest time in Turpan, the temperature will be above 40 degrees.
By the way, the Grape Festival in Turpan will be held in August, at that time, tourists can taste the grapes and enjoy the various of traditional Uighur activities and performances, such as Dawazi performance, Mukam folk songs and dances and so on.
In September, the weather is moderately cool, during that time, the pleasant smell of fruit is spreading everywhere, which is quite worth to visit.
The area of Karez Heritage Garden is not large, and travelers can visit the scenic area for about 2 hours. If you want to shop or eat and so on, it will take longer. Furthermore, if you would like to the experience the traditional Uighur life, you can stay in the scenic area for one night. The price of hotel room is about 350-400 RMB.
The admission fees: 40 RMB/Person.
8.00 AM to 5.00 PM
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