Peking opera - a number of combined stylized actions:
Beijing Opera is a number of stylized action, including singing, dancing, dialogue and acrobatic fighting to tell a story or present different characters and their feelings of happiness, anger, sorrow, surprise, fear and sadness. In Peking opera there are four main types of roles: sheng (male) dan (young female), jing( painted face,male), and chou (clown, male or female). The characters may be loyal or treacherous, beautiful or ugly, good or bad, their images being vividly presented.
The rich repertoire of Peking Opera:
Beijing Opera is mainly about the tales of successive dynasties regarding important historical events, emperors, ministers and generals, geniuses and great beauties, from the ancient times to Yao, Shun, Yu, the Spring and Autumn Period, the Warring States Period and the dynasties of Qin, Han, Sui, Tang, Song, Yuan, Ming, Qing for 5000 years.
The music of Peking Opera:
The music is that of the "plate and cavity style". With harmonious rhythms, its melody is graceful and pleasing to the ears. The melody may be divided into two parts: "Xipi" and "erhong". The chief patterns are guiding pattern, original pattern, slow pattern, quick pattern. The performance is coupled by a tune played on wind instruments, stringed instruments and percussion instruments. The chief musical instruments is jinghu which is a two-stringed bowed instrument with a high register, yueqin which is a four-stringed plucked instrument with a full-moon-shaped sound box, Sanxian which is a three-stringed plucked instrument, suona horn, flute drum, large-gong, cymbals, tiny-gong, etc.
The costumes in Peking opera:
The costumes are graceful, magnificent, elegant and bright. As the conventional Chinese pattern are used, the costumes are of a high value. Peking Opera costumes show the beauty of traditional Chinese embroidery: surface embroidery with gold or silver threads; woollen embroidery with silk or gold threads, among many others. Every costume is a masterpiece of art and craft. One costume with elaborate designs and patterns may take a handicraftsman months or even years to finish, and the best are indeed priceless.
The types of facial make-ups in Peking opera:
The types of facial make-ups are rich and various, showing various characters and remarkable images, therefore they are highly appreciated. Moreover there are numerous fixed editions of facial make-up. For the painted role, the different colors of the faces depict different characters and personality. Yellow and white shows cunning, red represents uprightness and loyalty, black depicts valor and wisdom, blue and green stands for the vigorous character of rebellious heroes and gold and silver represent mystic or super-natural things.
The most famous actor - Mei Lanfang:
He is the most popular Beijing Opera singer and he even had some performances in Japan,Europe, and USA. With his voice, movements, style, he played female roles perfectly. It is a good idea to visit the Residence of Mr. Mei Lanfang (1894 - 1961). Open: daily 9:00 -12: 00 a.m. and 1:00 - 4:00 p.m. (except Monday).
Huguang Huiguan Ancient Opera Building
Add: 3 Hufang Road, Xuanwu District ,Beijing
Time: 9: 00---19: 00 closed on Monday
Bus: Take buses NO.5,6,23,50,53,102,105 and get off at Hufangqiao stop
Ticket: 150 yuan
Add: 1/F Qianmen Hotel, Yongan Road, Hufangqiao, Xuanwu District, Beijing
Bus: Take bus NO.19,40,59,61,122,819 and get off at Hufangqiao stop
Chang'an Grand Theatre
Add:In the Guanghua Chang an piazza ,East Chang an Avenue
Time:afternoon and evening show
Add: 220 Xiheyan Street
Time: from 19:15pm