The city has a long history. Its Chinese name is Kashi . During the time of global empires in the 19th century, it was considered a strategic area to control. Most of the people are Uighurs, though lots of Chinese are moving in, and there are also other Muslim minorities. On Sundays, the Chinese Uighurs come to shop, and business people trade with people from other countries. By visiting the market, you can see businessmen from many places and get an idea of the culture and commerce of the whole region in Central Asia. Everything from horses and camels to food and handcrafted products may be bought in the market areas from morning until night. There are actually many market areas, but Sunday is a traditional market day so farmers and ranchers come in to sell their products and people go out to shop. In various areas there are farmer’s markets, “flea markets,” animal markets and meat markets. Dried fruit and delicacies are offered. People sell stacks of clothes, shoes, leather products, textiles, rugs, carpets, scarves, souvenirs and other goods in an eclectic messy mix. There are a lot of stalls selling hats. There is also a place where people can ride horses to test them. People crowd the narrow streets on their way to the two main market areas for animals and products. They herd animals or carry them in cages, and people trudge in with bundles and sacks.
In general, the only Xinjiang people coming in to trade in the markets are ethnic people or Muslim Chinese. Regular Chinese usually don't go in to trade. So the people generally look like Turks with light skins and dark skins. There is a lot of ethnic food available, and people can eat their fill for about 14 RMB or 2 USD. People who have been to Muslim market bazaars in other countries say that the Kashgar Sunday Market is one of the grandest and most fascinating in the world.