16 Days Ancient Silk Road Travel from Beijing to Bishkek
Destinations:Beijing, Xian, Jiayuguanm, Dunhuang, Turpan, Urumqi, Kashgar, Torugart, Tash Rabat, Kochkor, Issyk Kul, Bishkek
Tour Code: CITIC-SR13
International flight on your own arrangement. Once arrive in Beijing,be met and transferred to your hotel. Feel free at leisure for the rest of the day.
- The Great Wall
Full day trip to the Great Wall,Tiananmen Square ,the Forbidden City.
The Great Wall : One of the seven wonders in the world and the symbol of China.
The Tian'anmen Square : The largest city square in the world.
The Forbidden City : The largest imperial palace in China during the Ming and Qing dynasties with a history of around 600 years.Located in the middle of Beijing, Forbidden City was the Chinese royal palace from the Ming Dynasty to the end of the Qing Dynasty. Also called Palace Museum, the Forbidden City is recognized as the most magnificent and splendid palace complex in China and one of the five world-famous palaces with the Palace of Versailles in France, Buckingham Palace in England, the White House in United States and the Kremlin in Russia.
Day 3Beijing Xi'an
- The Ancient City Wall
Morning take the flight to Xi'an,Visit the Provincial Museum, The Ancient City Wall, Old Mosque upon arrival.
The Provincial Museum: One of the main museums in China which holds numerous unearthed cultural relics of China. and after lunch take the high-speedy rail to Luoyang.The Shanxi History Museum is situated on Yan Ta Road in Xi'an City, Shanxi Province. It covers 65,000 square meters, with a building area of 60,000 square meters.
City Wall : which is the most complete city wall that has survived in China as well being one of the largest ancient military defensive systems in the world. It was enlarged in Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) from the city wall initially built in Tang Dynasty (618 -907). Now it is 12 meters tall, 12-14 meters wide overing 14 kilometers in length with a deep moat surrounding it.
Old Mosque:The Great Mosque is a Chinese traditional Alhambresque architecture with a long history and grant scale, which is the great combination of Islamic and Chinese culture. It was recorded that it was established in the first year of the Tian Bao reign by Li Lung Ji, after renovations and expansions on several occasions in the Song, Yuan and especially the Ming and Qing Dynasties, it gradually takes on the current performance
- Bid Wild Goose Pagoda
After breakfast take the city tour,visit the historical significance of the amazing The Terra-cotta Warriors and Horses -where7000 individually crafted clay soldiers stand on guard.Then continue to the Bid Wild Goose Pagoda built to house Buddhist scriptures collected by a Chinese Monk,where you can see variety of buddha statues .
The Terra-cotta Warriors and Horses : The greatest archaeological findings of the century: the army of terra-cotta warriors and the bronze chariots entombed in vast underground vaults at emperor Qin's tomb.
The Wild Goose Pagoda: The pagoda where widely renowned Master Xuanzang (Monk Tripitaka) stored his classics brought from India. Big Goose Pagoda is one of the oldest structures in China. Originally Big Goose Pagoda consisted of a brick structure of five stores and was about 60 meters high. First built in 589A.D.in the Sui Dynasty. Between AD 701 and AD 704 during the reign of the Empress Wu Zetian five more stores were added to the pagoda making ten in all.
Day 5Xi'an Jiayuguan Dunhuang
- The Jiayuguan Pass
Morning flight to Jiayuguan.Visit Jiayuguan Pass, The Great Wall on the Cliff, Great Walls Museum upon arrival.Then head to Dunhuang.
The Jiayuguan Pass : Jiayuguan Pass stands in the southwest part of Jiayuguan City, about 6 km away from downtown. The castle was begun in 1372 in the Ming Dynasty and located in the Jiayu Highland, hence its name Jiayuguan Pass. It is situated between the Wenshu and Heishan Mountains at the foot of Jiayuguan Hill of Qilian Mountain.
The Great Wall on the Cliff : The Suspended Wall is a part of the Great Wall. The wall here was built on the ridge with the gradient of 45 degrees. It is high in the air and it looks as if it fell down from the top of the hill. So people refer to this section of the Great Wall as the "Suspended Wall". The Suspended Wall, the extension of the walls at the Jiayuguan Pass towards the north, was an integral part of the ancient defense system at the Jiayuguan Pass.
Great Walls Museum:The Great Wall museum opened to visitor in October 1989 and it is the first one to exhibit the Great Wall culture in a comprehensive and systematic way.The Museum covers an area of 12,312 square meters with an exhibition area of about 1,766 square meters. Its main building takes a shape of a typical signal fire tower on the Great Wall.
Day 6Dunhuang Turpan
- Echoing-Sand Mountain
After breakfast visit Mogao Grottoes , Echoing-Sand Mountain and Crescent Lake.Be transferred to the railway station to catch the train to Turpan.
Mogao Grottoes : Constructed over a millennium, from the 4th to the 14th centuries, the caves hold the world's richest treasure house of Buddhist sutras, murals and sculptures.Cameras are not permitted.
Echoing-Sand Mountain: Crescent Moon Spring is 6km south of Dunhuang in the Singing Sands Mountains and is quite literally an oasis in the desert. The spring's name derives from the crescent moon shape taken by the small pool of spring water between two large sand dunes. Although the area is very dry, the pool doesn't dry up as one might expect.
- Bezklik Grottoes
Meet and after check in hotel visit Bezklik Grottoes ,Astana Tombs ,Tuyoq Valley.
Bezklik Grottoes:The Beaklike Caves is located 50 kilometers to the east of Turpan City . “Beaklike”means “a place with beautiful decoration”. There are 83 numbered caves; among them 40 preserved murals totaling 1200 square meters. These caves are first excavated in Qu`s Gaochang period. The excising caves were reconstructed or newly extended by Uigurian people. In some caves one can find that Buddha murals are painted on Manichean murals. Themes of the murals are mainly the stories about causes. On front walls flanking the door of the cave are generally painted Uigurian donors and written Chinese and Uigurian inscriptions. The Beaklike Caves now is a major cultural site under state protection.
Astana Tombs are the graveyard of the residents lived in the Gaochang City in the Jin-Tang times.. Between 1959 and 1975, a great number of cultural relics have been unearthed, including Chinese documents, textiles, epitaphs, coins, clay sculptures, pottery, wooden wares, silk-paintings, crops and foods ,etc Known as “the Underground Museum.
Day 8Turpan Urumqi Kashgar
- Karez Irrigation System
AM visit Jiaohe Ruins , Karez Irrigation system, Sugong Minaret,then head to Urumqi,take the flight to Kashgar,check in hotel upon arrival.
Jiaohe Ruins is located on a mesa in willow leaf shape between the Yarnaz River valleys 10 kilometers to the west of Turpan City. running from northwest to southeast, 1760 meters long and 300 meters across at the widest part. The city includes city gates, streets and lanes, government office, temples, domestic houses, cave houses, wells, and an underground temple.
Karez Irrigation System,The Karez System is a unique irrigation system in Turpan, which, taking advantage of the slopes, draws the underground water to flow by itself to irrigate farmland. It consists of four parts: vertical wells, underground channels, ground canals and small reservoirs
Sugong Minaret was built in the 41st year of the Qianlong period of the Qing Dynasty,It is an embodiment of the ancient architectural arts of the Uygur nationality. The tower is 37 meters high and 10 meters in diameter at the base. The body of the tower is cylindroid in shape, built with bricks arranged in various symmetrical patterns
- Apak Hoja Tomb-
Morning take the city tour,Full day visit Sunday Bazaar, Apak Hoja Tomb and Handicraft street .
Sunday Bazaar (livestock Market)Streets near this big market are choked on Sundays with farmers and buyers arriving by donkey cart, truck, bicycle, horseback, ute, motorbike or on foot, with their animals. It's loud, lively and cheerful as they arrive, eat breakfast, set up their animals and check out the action. Cattle, sheep (they definitely look different), goats, donkeys, horses have their own sections; sellers show their animals are "good eaters"(most go as livestock not meat) and the entire experience is fascinating and fun.
Apak Hoja Tomb: is the holiest place in Xinjiang and an architectural treasure Built in 1640,it is reminiscent of the Central Asian artistic style of Samarkand or Isfahan. A handsome blue-and-white tiled gate leads into the compound, which includes a small religious school and the Abakh Khoja family tomb. The latter is domed and faced with multi - colored tiles. I t most complete Islamic tomb of the Qing Dynasty up-to-now in China.
- Old town
After breakfast visit the Idgar Mosque,Old town .
Id Kah Mosque:It is the large Mosque in China and most famous one in Xinjiang. The Mosque started to build in the mid of fifteenth century, and has gradually developed to the present size. Id K ah Mosque, with about 16800 square meters in area, consisting of Pray Hall, the Koran teaching Hall, The Corridor, the Arches and other buildings attaching to it.
Old town:walking in the streets of it Old Town, will provide a sense of what this legendary Central Asian hub as like in the days when the Silk Road was at its zenith. 500-year old remnants of the city wall, narrow lanes and colorful multi-ethnic crowds combine to make Kashgar's historic district a highlight of any visit to the city.
Day 11Kashgar Torugart Tash Rabat
- Stone Castle
Today we will drive to Tash Rabat Caravanserai – Stone Castle from the 14th century. Traditional dinner will be served at 7 p.m. You will spend this night in real yurts. It is a great chance to discover the land of nomads and to find out many interesting facts.
Stone Castle :The building is a unique one. It is located at the very heart of Tian Shan Mountains. And it has no analogue in the whole world, because it was made of stones and furthermore it was hidden in the mountains at a height of 3200 m. In total there are 31 rooms in the castle. The thickness of walls is 1 m.
Day 12Tash Rabat Koch-kor
- Kochkor village
Early in the morning is transfer by car from Tash Rabat to Kochkor. You will drive along mountain roads and on the way you will move over few high passes. The highest one is called Dolon pass. It is 3030 meters high above the sea level!Then we will arrive to visit Kochkor village meet a local family to find out more about Kyrgyz people. After that visit a small local Handicraft museum.
Kochkor village:The town is actually a conjoining of two villages. One guide book calls if a "sleepy little Kyrgyz village" - although it is a little hard to imagine it as "sleepy" when you consider the number of people in the main square almost every day. Another travel writer was reminded of the paintings in Bishkek's Fine Arts Museum of traditional Kyrgyz life, enhanced by enlightened Soviet settlement policies. This probably has something to do with things like the metal cutouts on the lampposts along the length of the main street - a hammer and sickle; a rocket blasting into space and a sculpture of an atom representing science; a cog wheel representing industry and technology; corn representing the agriculture of the region … and so on. There are also painted wooden fences with slats of wood held together by an elongated diamond shape - typical of villages everywhere in the former Soviet Union
Day 13Kochkor Issyk Kul
- Issyk Kul Lake
After breakfast you will be transferred to the celestial Issyk Kul Lake, the second largest alpine lake in the world (1608m.above sea level). In Cholpon Ata town you will have an opportunity to visit Cholpon Ata Petroglyphs site. It is the most ancient place of Kyrgyzstan. Also we will visit a local museum that is considered to be the best one in Kyrgyzstan. There are many things connected with nomadic life and it is really worth to see them!
Issyk Kul Lake: is the world's second largest salt lake ( after Caspian) and is 1609 above sea level. The lake is about 180 km long by 70 km wide and 668 meters deep at the deepest point, (the average depth is about 300 meters ).The lake never freezes ( hence the name), even though surrounded by mountains.
Cholpon Ata Petroglyphs site:There is an Open Air Museum, sometimes referred as a Stone Garden, which covers some 42 hectares and contains a number of prehistoric monumental structures (stone circles, tombs, the remains of a boundary stone wall, balbals) and Petroglyphs (dating from the II millennium BC upto the Middle Ages upto the VI century AD
Day 14Issyk Kul Burana Tower Bishkek
- Burana Tower
In the morning we will leave Issyk Kul and drive to the Bishkek city. On the way we will visit Burana Tower (minaret from the 11th century) and an Open Air Museum of Balbans (stone warriors).
Burana Tower:75 km east from the city is a 25m-high tower, which dates from the 11th century and is all that remains of the ancient city of Balasagyn. The name “Burana” most probably comes from wrongly pronounced word “Monara” which means Minaret. Minaret is an obligated part of any mosque, it is a tower from which the Muslims were called up for the next praying. Some centuries ago the tower was 44 metres high, but after an earthquake in early 1900, the upper part fell down.
- Pobeda Square
After breakfast take your city tour.Visiting of the central Ala-Too Square, Duboviy Park (Oak Park), Pobeda Square (Victory Square), the History Museum, National philharmonic and Asian Bazaar.many others places of interest. During this day we will show you our main squares and buildings that were made at Soviet time.
Ala-Too Square іs the central square іn Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan. The square wаs built іn 1984 tо celebrate the 60th anniversary оf the Kyrgyz SSR, аt whіch tіme а massive statue оf Lenin wаs placed іn the square's center. The statue оf Lenin wаs moved іn 2003 tо а smaller square іn the city, аnd а new statue called Erkindik (Freedom) wаs installed іn іts place.
Dubovy Park, full of strollers on warm Sundays, has a few open-air cafés and some neglected modern sculpture and funnily enough, century-old oaks. Where Erkindik prospektisi (Freedom Ave) enters the park, there is an open-air art gallery. Nearby is the Erkindik (Freedom) Statue, formerly a statue of Felix Dzerzhinsky, founder of the Soviet secret police
Asian Bazaar:This bazaar is very colorful and noisy. People sell there all kinds of goods. You will walk there about an hour to see local people, goods, fruits, vegetables, meat store, and other things! On this bazaar you will see very interesting people that come from villages to sell their goods.
Day 16Bishkek your destination
After breakfast you will be transfer to the airport,and take the flight to your destination.
|Travel in party of||
|10 persons & above||N||$||$|
|Single room Supplement||N||$||$|
2 Meals as listed in the itinerary, B=breakfast; L=lunch ;
3 Personal Guide & Driver + Private car / van for Private Transfers & sightseeing
4 Hotels with breakfast(twin share bases) as listed in the itinerary .
5 Domestic flights or trains as listed in the itinerar
6 Airport Taxes: US$30for domestic,
7 Service Charge & Government Taxes .
8 Luggage Transfers between airports and hotels
9 Goverment letter for visa support
2 Personal expenses, tips to the guide and driver.
Note, the price for 6-10 pax included Lunches and Dinners
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