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19 Days West China Spring Tour 2013
Route:Beijing--Chengdu--Xi'an--Luoyang--Xiahe--Jiayuguan--Dunhuang-Turpan-Urumqi-Kashgar
 
13th Feb: Beijing
International flight on your own arrangement. Once arrive in Beijing,be met and transferred to your hotel. Feel free at leisure for the rest of the day
 
 
14th Feb : Beijing
Full day trip to the Great Wall,Ming Tomb ,The Forbidden City, and the Temple of Heaven.
The Great Wall : One of the seven wonders in the world and the symbol of China.
The Forbidden City : The largest imperial palace in China during the Ming and Qing dynasties with a history of around 600 years.
The Temple of Heaven : The place where the ancient emperors used to pray for the God's bless of the whole nation.
 
 
15th Feb : Beijing-Chengdu
After breakfast transfer to the airport and take the flight to Chengdu.Visit the Panda Reserve and then take the city tour after check in hotel.
Panda Reserve:Zoos, scientific research centers, breeding centers, or semi-protected areas work together to maintain a self-sustaining population of a given species. This population may serve as a hedge against extinction of the species, as well as a reservoir for improved understanding of its natural history. The Chengdu Panda Base is an example of a scientific institute engaged in research towards conservation. Our goal is not only to provide technical support for scientific research on wild pandas, but also to increase the wild population through improved management and, ultimately reintroduction of individuals into areas from which the populations have declined.
 
 
16th Feb : Chengdu
After breakfast head to Leshan to visit the Leshan Giant Buddha.
Leshan Giant Buddha:The Giant Buddha of Leshan (aka Dafo) is the tallest stone Buddha statue in the world, carved out of a cliff face by an 8th-century monk in southern Szechuan province. The Giant Buddha overlooks the confluence of the Minjiang, Dadu and Qingyi rivers and faces the sacred Mount Emei (with which it shares its World Heritage status).History, Construction on the Giant Buddha began in 713 AD. It was the idea of a Chinese monk named Haitong, who hoped that the Buddha would calm the turbulent waters that plagued the shipping vessels travelling down the river. His plans were not just supernatural - the enormous amount of rubble carved away from the cliff would be deposited in the river, altering the currents and calming the waters.
 
 
17th Feb : Chengdu-Xi'an-Luoyang
In the early morning take the flight to Xi'an,then transfer to Luoyang,after check in hotel head to visit the Longmen Grottoes.
Longmen Grottoes:one of the four largest grottoes in China. Live cultural relics lie amid green mountains and serpentine rivers. As early as 1961, Longmen Grottoes had been authorized by the central government of PRC as a key national cultural relic protection unit. It was authorized in 1982 by central government as one of the 44 National Parks of China. In 2000, it was enlisted into the List of World Heritage.
 
 
18th Feb : Luoyang-Xi'an
After breakfast take the flight to Xi'an,check in hotel then visit the Shanxi Museum.Enjoy the The Tang Dynasty Show in the evening.
The Provincial Museum: One of the main museums in China which holds numerous unearthed cultural relics of China. and after lunch take the high-speedy rail to Luoyang.The Shanxi History Museum is situated on Yan Ta Road in Xi'an City, Shanxi Province. It covers 65,000 square meters, with a building area of 60,000 square meters. The newly built modern building recreates Tang-dynasty architecture and successfully symbolizes the great extent of Shanxi history and its remarkable culture The Tang Dynasty show: The show that presents the palace dances and sings in the Tang Dynasty when Xian was the capital.
 
 
19th Feb : Xi'an
Morning visit The Terra-cotta Warriors and Horses,then free time to take the city tour.
The Terra-cotta Warriors and Horses: The greatest archaeological findings of the century: the army of terra-cotta warriors and the bronze chariots entombed in vast underground vaults at emperor Qin's tomb.The Terracotta Warriors represent only a small portion of the eight thousand strong underground army buried in front of the Emperor Qinshihuang's tomb (r. 221-207 BC) to defend him in the afterlife. The craftsmanship attested by each of the statues is as stupendous as the scale of the project.
 
 
20th Feb : Xi'an-Lanzhou
After breakfast visit the City Wall and The Grand Mosque.Then take the train to Lanzhou.
The Ancient City Wall : which is the most complete city wall that has survived in China as well being one of the largest ancient military defensive systems in the world. It was enlarged in Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) from the city wall initially built in Tang Dynasty (618 -907). Now it is 12 meters tall, 12-14 meters wide overing 14 kilometers in length with a deep moat surrounding it. You can walk, even cycle on the wall. Its south gate is the most largest with a suspension bridge. Most of the tourists choose the south gate for sightseeing.
The Great Mosque: is nestled in the Huajue lane in Xian, Shanxi Province. The Great Mosque of Xian is the biggest and most preserved complete Chinese existent mosque. First built at the Tianbao first year (742 years) during Tang Dynasty, it was rebuilt by Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing, and has formed present scales. The whole mosque has more than 12,000 square meters, the floor space more than 4,000 square meters, keeps the construction mostly in the Ming Dynasty styel. So the Mosque here in Xi'an has much Chinese traditional touch in both its design and artistic outlook; besides the style peculiar to Islamic mosques, this Mosque also holds characteristics of Chinese pavilions with painted beams and engraved ridgepoles.
 
 
21st Feb : Lanzhou-Xiahe
Meet and head to Xiahe ,after check in the hotel Visit Labrang Monastery.
Labrang Monastery : Located in Lanzhou City, the Gansu Provincial Museum is the biggest comprehensive museum in the province. It is one of the best sights in the city and a visit is well worthwhile. Built in 1956, the museum covers a total area of 18,000 square meters (about 4 acres). Designed by the soviet experts, this museum will provide visitors with a unique and memorable experience.The museum is divided into two sections-natural resources and historic exhibits. It houses collections of various color-painted potteries of Neolithic Age and treasures of ancient grottoes. A 4-meter-tall Mammoth fossil replica is stored in the museum whose remains were excavated from the Yellow River basin in 1973. Aside from the prehistoric presentations, there are also rare animal exhibits, such as pandas, golden monkeys and red -crowned cranes.
 
 
22nd Feb: Labrang Monastery
After breakfast experience the Sunbathing Budda Festival, which held on the 13th of January (China Luna calender). The Sunning of the Buddha is a spectacular sight for any traveler to witness. The morning begins with Cham dancing, performed by monks in splendid robes and hats, some wearing fearsome masks and others with their faces painted in ferocious expressions. The dances are slow and grotesque, accompanied by doleful brass horns, cymbals and drums, and are intended to dispel all evil spirits. After hours of dancing, praying and chanting of scriptures, a 30 by 20 meter roll of multi-colored applique and embroidered thangka, is proudly and reverently paraded through the streets from the monastery to the hillside across the river. All along the route, faithful Buddhists scramble to press their foreheads and hands against this sacred image, while mounted riders laughingly clear the way by snapping their whips as their spirited horses rear and snort. As the procession reaches the bridge that crosses the Daxia River, thousands scatter to find the most perfect vantage point for the sunning ceremony
 
 
23rd Feb: Xiahe-Jiayuguan
After breakfast enjoy the the Masked Dancing. As crowds gather in the largest square of the monastery, laymen use long canes to playfully tap the encroaching throng, reminding them that space must be made for the upcoming festivities. A huge striped tiger, strangely the size of two men, running around the square and amongst the crowd ensures that the people are entertained, while maintaining an area sufficient for the dancing that will follow. Meanwhile other monks are preparing their costumes, masks, and musical instruments to ensure a consummate performance before the Living Buddha of Labrang. Finally the entourage appears as horns and trumpets bellow greetings; dancing and music ensue to ward off evil spirits and ensure prosperity in the New Year.
 
 
24th Feb: Jiayuguan-Dunhuang
Visit The Jiayuguan Pass, The Great Wall on the Cliff, Great Walls Museum. Then head to Dunhuang.
The Jiayuguan Pass : This Ming Dynasty fort guards the strategic Jiayuguan pass, at the western end of the Great Wall – this was the last section built by the Ming Dynasty. It was built in 1372, and subsequently enlarged and strengthened, and was known as 'the strongest pass under heaven'.
The Great Wall on the Cliff : This is a nearby section of the Great wall which was built on the cliff, and includes sections at a 45 degrees angle, making it seem as if the wall is hanging from a cliff.
The Great Wall museum :opened to visitor in October 1989 and it is the first one to exhibit the Great Wall culture in a comprehensive and systematic way.The Museum covers an area of 12,312 square meters with an exhibition area of about 1,766 square meters. Its main building takes a shape of a typical signal fire tower on the Great Wall. Inside the museum there are seven exhibition halls.
 
 
25th Feb: Dunhuang-Turpan
Visit Mogao Grottoes , Echoing-Sand Mountain and Crescent Lake.Be transferred to the railway station to catch the train to Turpan.
Mogao Grottoes : Constructed over a millennium, from the 4th to the 14th centuries, the caves hold the world's richest treasure house of Buddhist sutras, murals and sculptures.Cameras are not permitted.
Echoing-Sand Mountain: Crescent Moon Spring is 6km south of Dunhuang in the Singing Sands Mountains and is quite literally an oasis in the desert. The spring's name derives from the crescent moon shape taken by the small pool of spring water between two large sand dunes. Although the area is very dry, the pool doesn't dry up as one might expect.
 
 
26th Feb: Turpan
Meet and after check in hotel visit Bezklik Grottoes ,Astana Tombs ,Tuyoq Valley.
Bezklik Grottoes:The Beaklike Caves is located 50 kilometers to the east of Turpan City . “Beaklike”means “a place with beautiful decoration”. There are 83 numbered caves; among them 40 preserved murals totaling 1200 square meters. These caves are first excavated in Qu`s Gaochang period. The excising caves were reconstructed or newly extended by Uigurian people. In some caves one can find that Buddha murals are painted on Manichean murals. Themes of the murals are mainly the stories about causes. On front walls flanking the door of the cave are generally painted Uigurian donors and written Chinese and Uigurian inscriptions. The Beaklike Caves now is a major cultural site under state protection.
Astana Tombs are the graveyard of the residents lived in the Gaochang City in the Jin-Tang times.. Between 1959 and 1975, a great number of cultural relics have been unearthed, including Chinese documents, textiles, epitaphs, coins, clay sculptures, pottery, wooden wares, silk-paintings, crops and foods ,etc Known as “the Underground Museum.
 
 
27th Feb: Turpan-Urumqi
AM visit Jiaohe Ruins , Karez Irrigation system, Sugong Minaret,then head to Urumqi .
Jiaohe Ruins is located on a mesa in willow leaf shape between the Yarnaz River valleys 10 kilometers to the west of Turpan City. running from northwest to southeast, 1760 meters long and 300 meters across at the widest part. The city includes city gates, streets and lanes, government office, temples, domestic houses, cave houses, wells, and an underground temple.
Karez Irrigation System,The Karez System is a unique irrigation system in Turpan, which, taking advantage of the slopes, draws the underground water to flow by itself to irrigate farmland. It consists of four parts: vertical wells, underground channels, ground canals and small reservoirs
Sugong Minaret was built in the 41st year of the Qianlong period of the Qing Dynasty,It is an embodiment of the ancient architectural arts of the Uygur nationality. The tower is 37 meters high and 10 meters in diameter at the base. The body of the tower is cylindroid in shape, built with bricks arranged in various symmetrical patterns
 
 
28th Feb: Urumqi
After breakfast visit Xinjiang Museum, Erdaoqiao Market & International Bazaar.
Xinjiang Museum,the museum is the main institution to collect and investigate the unearthed cultural relics and specimens in Xinjiang. There are more than 50 thousand pieces of various kinds of cultural relics stored in the museum, among them, the ancient mummies represented by ‘the Loulan Beauty', manuscripts in Chinese, Kharosthi, Qiuci, Yanji, Tibetan, Uigurian and other characters prevailed in ancient Westen Regions, the silk ,wool, cotton and hemp fabrics and folk retainment, etc., are unusual tidbits in the world.
Erdaoqiao Market & International Bazaar The Erdaoqiao Bazaar is the largest in Urumqi. You'll find a bustling market filled with fruit, clothing, crafts, knives, carpets and almost anything that you can imagine. On Sunday, there are more stalls and more goods to buy than any other day. The old streets around the bazaar are really worth seeing.Here is the most welcomed place by tourist especially by ladies where they can buy some traditional Uygur make up cosmetic
 
 
1st Mar: Urumqi-Kashgar
Morning take the flight to Kashgar,visit the Idgar Mosque,and Handicraft street upon arrival.
Idgar Mosque, Located in center of Kashi City, the Idkah Mosque is the greatest one in size in our county exists up to now. Here is a place where Moslems of all nationalities come to attend service every day and where people gather to celebrate festivals. The word “Idkah” means “the place for festival activities”. The mosque was first built in 1426, extended in 1798 and got the present name. Later on it has been extended and renovated time after time, and finally reached its present shape and size. It covers an area of 16800 square meters, consisting of a front gate tower, prayer hall, doctrine-teaching hall, pond and other auxiliary structures. The tower is 10 meters high. The prayer hall is 140 meters long, with a width of 16 meters. 140 wooden pillars carved and painted with beautiful patterns support its roof. Now it is listed as a major cultural site under state protection.
 
 
2nd Mar: Kashgar
Full day visit Sunday Bazaar, Apak Hoja Tomb and Old town .
It is the large Mosque in China and most famous one in Xinjiang. The Mosque started to build in the mid of fifteenth century, and has gradually developed to the present size. Id K ah Mosque, with about 16800 square meters in area, consisting of Pray Hall, the Koran teaching Hall, The Corridor, the Arches and other buildings attaching to it. The Pray Hall of the mosque can hold 4000 prayers is supported by 140 carved wooden pillars.The buildings of Id Kah Mosque look magnificent and solemn , and display the artistic styles of Islamic mosque architectures.
Apak Hoja Tomb This Mazar is the holiest place in Xinjiang and an architectural treasure Built in 1640 , it is reminiscent of the Central Asian artistic style of Samarkand or Isfahan. A handsome blue-and-white tiled gate leads into the compound, which includes a small religious school and the Abakh Khoja family tomb. The latter is domed and faced with multi - colored tiles. I t most complete Islamic tomb of the Qing Dynasty up-to-now in China.
Old town,walking in the streets of it Old Town, will provide a sense of what this legendary Central Asian hub was like in the days when the Silk Road was at its zenith. 500-year old remnants of the city wall, narrow lanes and colorful multi-ethnic crowds combine to make Kashgar's historic district a highlight of any visit to the city.
 
 
3rd Mar: Kashgar-Your destination
After breakfast check out the hotel and transfer to the airport,take the flight to your destination.

Price:

REQUIREMENTS:
1: 7-14 seats mini-van with good AC
2, Excellent English speaking guide
3, Required 4 star hotel with breakfast

 

HOTELS
Double or twins room with breakfast
VEHICLES
7-14 seat mini-van with good AC
ENTRANCE
All the entrance fee listed in the itinerary
GUIDE
Excellent English speaking guide
TRAIN TICKET
Soft sleeper: Xi'an to Lanzhou, Lanzhou to Jiayuguan, Dunhuang/Liuyuan to Turpan Fast Train: Xi'an to Luoyang Return
FLIGHT WITH TAX
Beijing to Chengdu,. Chengdu to Xi'an, Urumqi to Kashgar
MEALS
18 TIMES LUNCH
Price:
3096USD/PAX
Note:
100kms detour allowed during the whole itinerary
Exclude:
Meals not listed in the itinerary, Dinner and Breakfast on the train through out the itinerary.
All the personal expenses and gratuities to the guide and driver.
Other activities such as the camel riding. Horse riding etc.
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