Tibet Travel Guide
Tibet Autonomous Region is located in the southwest of China, with a land area of 1.22 million square kilometers and a population of 2.3 million, of which 95% are Tibetan. There are also 30 other minorities in Tibet, such as Han, Menba, Luoba, Hui, Mongol, and Naxi. Tibetan Festival Dates in 2011 and 2012
Tibet is entirely within and encompasses most of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau or the Plateau of Tibet, with an average altitude of over 4,500 meters above the sea level. It is known as The Roof Of The World and The Third Pole of the Globe. The world’s highest mountain range, the Himalayas, straddles the border between Tibet and Nepal, as does Mount Everest, the world’s tallest mountain at 8,848 meters above sea level. The Himalayas, along with the Karakorums, contain most of the world’s tallest 100 mountains. Everything on earth above 7,000 meters is to be found on and around the Plateau of Tibet.
Tibetan culture developed in Tibet, largely isolated from the rest of the world. Human activities can be traced back to the late Paleolithic Period. The king of Tibet, Songzan Ganbu (or Songtsan Gampo), unified Tibet in the seventh century AD and established the Tibetan Dynasty, which twice weaved matrimonial relations with the Tang Dynasty in the seventh and eighth centuries. In the thirteenth century, Tibet became an administrative region of the Yuan Dynasty. A Tibetan government was established during the rule of the fifth Dalai Lama, and it was confirmed by the Qing Dynasty government and a standing minister to Tibet was authorized. After the 1911 revolution and the fall of the Qing Dynasty, the Dalai Lama proclaimed Tibetan independence, which endured while China was engaged in civil and world war. This period was ended by People's Republic of China forces in 1950, when Tibet came under Chinese government control.